Since we are here to learn about Backbone.js, we are going to use the built in feature of Backbone called Events. Backbone.js Events is a feature that provides a Pub-Sub. As usually I’m going to attempt to keep this a simple as possible. To provide a basic understanding of Pub-Sub, we will not work with views, models or collections; we will only work with Backbone Event. My goal is to keep this extremely simple, and the concepts that you learn here can assistance you when build more complex, maintainable, extensible, flexible, and plus other bilities websites.
Below is an example of a protypical webpage. In a webpage like this, anytime the user does an action on the webpage, such as login, search, sort and other other action, the page refreshes. One reason we are learning Backbone.js is so that we can provide a better experience to the user by providing single page applications (SPA).
If we created an application like the following with Backbone.js, there could be many views (items in red boxes). In a webpage like this, the developer my define in code that the Search view is aware of the Movie List view, or the Login view is aware of the Recommendation view. For example, if the user logs-in, the Login view will directly notify the Recommendation view of the login. This is fine for simple SPA. But if this is done on a complex website like Trello, which is created with Backbone.js, maintainability and extensibility and other bilities may become an issue.
For example, what happens if management wants to replace the Recommendation view with a new Friends View. Now the developer must change the code in the Login view to update the Friends view. In this example the developer has tightly coupled the Login view to the Recommendation view. Probably not the best decision the developer has made.
Here’s a few quotes:
“Define a one-to-many dependency between objects so that when one object changes state, all its dependents are notified and updated automatically” Gang of Four book on Design patterns
“Publishers are loosely coupled to subscribers, and need not even know of their existence. With the topic being the focus, publishers and subscribers are allowed to remain ignorant of system topology. Each can continue to operate normally regardless of the other. In the traditional tightly coupled client–server paradigm, the client cannot post messages to the server while the server process is not running, nor can the server receive messages unless the client is running. Many pub/sub systems decouple not only the locations of the publishers and subscribers, but also decouple them temporally. A common strategy used by middleware analysts with such pub/sub systems is to take down a publisher to allow the subscriber to work through the backlog (a form of bandwidth throttling).” WikiPedia – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Publish%E2%80%93subscribe_pattern
“The general idea behind the Observer pattern is the promotion of loose coupling (or decoupling as it’s also referred as). Rather than single objects calling on the methods of other objects, an object instead subscribes to a specific task or activity of another object and is notified when it occurs. Observers are also called Subscribers and we refer to the object being observed as the Publisher (or the subject). Publishers notify subscribers when events occur.” Addy Osmani – http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/magazine/hh201955.aspx
This is somewhat techno babble, but once you understand the Pub-Sub or Observer pattern, these definitions make a lot of sense. It doesn’t help out a lot here, but hopefully we get you to the point where these definitions do make sense.
So forget about the example above. We are going to use a simpler example. Lets assume we have a security system. The security system is made-up of 3 key parts: a door (publisher), control panel (hub), and customer service (subscriber). Anytime the door (publisher) opens, the customer service (subscriber) will be notified. But we don’t want to tightly couple these objects together. We needed a mediator that manages the subscribers and the publishers, and this is where the control panel (hub) comes in.
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